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Culture & Business

These instructions will ensure your manuscript will be able to proceed smoothly with the next steps for double-blind peer review, production, and publication. Please take time to read them carefully, as doing so will help your manuscript meet with the journal’s requirements.

About the Journal

Culture & Business (C&B) is an open-access, international, double-blind peer-reviewed journal publishing high-quality, original research that bridges the gap between academia and the real world. For more information about its focus and policy, please see the journal’s Aims and Scope

Please note that this journal only publishes manuscripts in English.

The Editor reserves the right to make alterations to style, punctuation, and grammar.

Peer Review and Ethics

C&B is committed to academic integrity and upholding the highest standards of review. All articles in the journal undergo an initial screening before being selected. Once chosen, they are subject to rigorous peer review by at least two referees.

Preparing Your Manuscript


Your paper should be compiled logically with the following contents: title page; abstract; keywords; main text (e.g., introduction, materials and methods, literature review, analysis, results, and discussion); acknowledgments; disclosure statement; references; and appendices (when appropriate).


Word Limit

Please include a word count for your paper.

A typical paper for this journal should be between 6,000-10,000 words, inclusive of footnotes and references.


Style Guide

Any style is acceptable so long as it is used consistently throughout the manuscript.

We request that you use the Oxford comma style (e.g., France, Italy, and Korea) and use single quotation marks, except where ‘a quotation is “within” a quotation.’ Be aware that quotations longer than one sentence should be indented in the text without quotation marks.

Manuscripts should be written in Standard English that is easy to follow. Please try to avoid academic or technical jargon and ensure that the use of initialisms and acronyms is kept to a minimum. When used, they should be clearly explained at the beginning in a way that the general reader can understand. Manuscripts will be returned to the author if the English is below a minimum standard. If in doubt, authors are advised to have their manuscript checked by an English native speaker before submission.


Formatting and Templates

Papers should be submitted in Word or PDF formats with 1.5 line spacing.

Figures and tables should be embedded in the main text where the reference to the figure/table is made.


Cover Page

The cover page should include the full name and affiliation of the authors. Please do NOT indicate any position (e.g., professor or director) or degree (e.g. Ph.D. or Dr.). If it is a co-authored manuscript, one author will need to be identified as the corresponding author. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper has been accepted. The title should be concise and consist of no more than 70 words.


Main Text

Along with the title, the main text of the manuscript must include an abstract at the beginning. This should be an unstructured summary of 150-200 words and address clearly the research objectives, findings, and implications. In general, it should emphasize what the paper says and what it will do.

The manuscript should also include between 3 and 5 keywords. Consider words that will make your article more discoverable through online search engines.

Please ensure the literature review is concise and clear enough to highlight the importance and relevance of your work.


A few other key points for the manuscript include:

  • Headings. They should be numbered, and each level should be clearly indicated, for example:


        1. Heading Level One

        1.1 Heading Level Two

        1.1.1 Heading level three


Please do not use more than three sub-levels.

  • Footnotes. When footnotes are used, they should be numbered consecutively and kept to a minimum. Please only include footnotes to provide additional relevant information. If the footnotes are too long, the Editor may ask the author to re-locate them in the main text.

  • Figures. Please ensure that they are of high quality (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale, and 300 dpi for color). Figures should be supplied in one of following file formats: EPS, PS, JPEG, or TIFF. Microsoft Word (DOC or DOCX) or PowerPoint (PPT, PPTX) are acceptable for figures that have been created in Word or PowerPoint. All figures included should be referenced in the manuscript, and make sure that the figure provides added value to the main text through its visual representation.

  • Tables. Tables should be self-explanatory, and their contents should not be repeated in the text. Readers should be able to interpret the table without reference to the text. Please make sure that all tables included can still be edited by the journal. Key points about each table should be referenced in the manuscript.

  • Equations. If you are submitting your manuscript as a Word document, please ensure that equations can be edited.

  • Funding details. If applicable, please supply all details required by your funding and grant-awarding bodies as follows:


For single agency grants

This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx].

For multiple agency grants

This work was supported by the [Funding Agency #1] under Grant [number xxxx]; [Funding Agency #2] under Grant [number xxxx]; and [Funding Agency #3] under Grant [number xxxx].


  • Disclosure statement. A disclosure statement is required if you need to acknowledge any financial interest or benefit that has arisen from the direct application of your research. 



This journal follows the APA reference style. However, at the initial stage of submission, the author may use their own reference style so long as it is consistent. It is important that the author checks that every citation in the text and the reference list matches.

Submitting Your Manuscript

Once you have read the guidelines above, please submit your manuscript to “cnb(at)”

All submissions must include two formats of the manuscript, DOC and PDF.

By submitting your manuscript to Culture & Business you are agreeing to originality checks during the peer-review and production processes.

If you do not receive any confirmation of receipt within two working days, please resubmit your manuscript.

On acceptance, we recommend that you keep a copy of your original manuscript.


Data Sharing Policy

It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the accuracy of the data. Any errors or liability in the data rest solely with the producers of the data set(s). Authors are encouraged to make available the data supporting the results or analyses presented in their paper where this does not violate the protection of the human subjects or other valid privacy concerns. Authors are encouraged to provide the DOI, pre-registered DOI, hyperlink, or other persistent identifier associated with the data set(s). If necessary, authors can be requested by reviewers to provide the data set(s).


Publication Charges

There are no submission fees, publication fees, or host charges for this journal.


Open Access and Copyright

Culture & Business is dedicated to the wide diffusion of its published articles in order to support the progress for both academia and practice. In this regard, C&B provides open access to all its contents. This ensures unrestricted availability of the research and helps to increase its readership. If any third party is interested in using work published in this journal, please contact the editor-in-chief and author of the article for permission.



If you have any queries, please contact us here.

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